the “going through disasters”, proposed by the philosopher pierre zaoui in its delivered published in 2010, should you submit to the rules that are supposed to ease your hardship? If, to successfully carry out this journey, it is up to each one to draw resources from the forms of vitalism of his choice, many traditions of thought claim to provide some concrete solutions, like a survival manual. Christianity, whose heart is faith in the resurrection of Christ, is clearly on this path of the promise of salvation.
A Christian way to overcome disasters
It is in this tradition that Denis Moreau, including the new essay,Resurrections. Cross the nights of our lives, it is presented as a kind of catholic and friendly response to Zaoui’s proposal, who assumed the atheist condition of his reflection. Starting from the same horizon – loss, mourning, existential anguish… – and starting from the same taste for thought, which he sustains if not saves, the two philosophers disagree.
But he who believes in heaven and he who does not believe in it commune here in the same will of “to defend the power of life within us against that which threatens to undo it”. The singular beauty of this Christian way of going through disasters, even for a reader outside the Catholic culture that Denis Moreau heralds, he clings to the unarmed and non-proselytizing sincerity of his comments: “ I have no intention here of indulging in a confiscation of joy for the benefit of Christians alone and I am willing to admit that there is, and fortunately! – it is not necessary to be among my co-religionists to experience it “, slips, as if to frustrate the distrust that it could arouse in readers for whom the resurrection is just a meaningless word, unless it refers to the awakening of an idea or a lost struggle (the lightness of living, socialism, the PSG…).
“Can we get up? »
Especially since the word “resurrection” goes beyond an exclusively theological framework to adjust more deeply to the need that each one feels, in certain moments of existential collapse, to want “live again”, how it was analyzed Frederic Worms in another beautiful book. Denis Moreau explains: Since I now know that there is no escape from existential catastrophes and that every human life is sewn with a tragic dimension, I have come to think that there is basically only one question that matters: downcast, downcast, in times of abandonment. Will we be able to get up again? I mean: resuscitate. »
It’s good because life isn’t always ” cheerful, innocent, solar, peaceful and serene, generally free from sadness and darkness, saved from the hard blows and low blows dealt to us by what we will call, according to their convictions, the course of things, the order of the world, chance, necessity, destiny, Fortune, even Providence (cross out what which is not applicable)”, that happens to many, to think that they are screwed. ” I’ve seen friends sink into depression, others commit suicidethe author writes. I’ve seen couples explode, communities break in torrents of hate. I have seen happiness turn into anguish, peace overwhelmed by war, discouragement prevail over hope, luminous people allow themselves to be devoured by inner torments and then fall apart, the lives of promising young people commuted into tragedies. […]. »
Like him, we have seen him in action, we still see him. But he does not want to stop there and offers in his book based on a “conceptual equipment, an otherwise operative metaphysical device that allows us to face not only the ordinary course of existence, but also the storm and the kicks of the dog that it has in store for us”.
This device is based on this famous resurrection of Jesus: an act of faith of which Moreau is no stranger” the questionable and imperfectly assured character », but it assumes, and makes it vibrate in it. Because this leap of faith can structure and profoundly change a human life “. When reading it, one wants to “believe” that faith, as a virtue, has an efficacy in the lives of those who are inhabited by it. We believe it easily, if we do not believe it completely. This resurrection of Christ that gives life to man crosses the heart of his philosophical project; the resurrection of Jesus determines according to him “a new deal in the organization of the thinkable”.
Jesus as a model
Denis Moreau is looking for nothing less than “To propose a description of the condition of a human being who no longer grasps himself originally, as Heidegger maintains, as being-for-death retained for the end, but would be determined as being-for-resurrection. According to him, existential shocks can “switch to resurrection situations.”
This faith in the resurrection obviously does not protect the Christian from the harsh blows of fate. “ But this faith determines a particular and particularly effective way of trying to face and overcome these tests and catastrophes. » Moreau clings to this hope from which his own life proceeds. “ The one who waits in a Christian way knows, even in his wounds, the heaviness of reality, its strength of resistance to our projects, the cruelty of life. He thus shares with the pessimist an uncompromising lucidity about the terrible harshness of the hard job of existing. But he himself refuses to see in this charge of negativity the ultimate horizon of existence. »
shot down but not annihilated
Sensitive to words Jorge Bernanosfor whom ” the highest form of hope is to overcome despair », and of Saint Paul who, in the Second Letter to the Corinthians, speaks of spiritual warfare “ of the terrace”, but no “destroyed”, those who, ” backing up dead ends, they make it through,” Denis Moreau transmits his “sentimental education” to all those who, whatever the nature of their religious and ethical convictions, love clarified ideas, carried by a generous breath.
His liking for the resurrection can thus, and also, be read as a liking for a form of wisdom whose conditions are never unanimously accepted, especially when they summon the idea of God. How not to admit with Denis Moreau that wisdom, whether Christian or not, invites us to “ recognize oneself as weak and admit that one needs to be helped »? And that in spite of everything, his faith or his doubts, nothing in these matters intersects, nor is fully understood », as Pierre Zaoui wrote. Living is always living again. To each one their crosses, and the multiple resurrections that they announce.