Excessive hair loss: what is alopecia?

Hair loss is a source of anxiety and complexes for both men and women. In women, it is perceived as a sign of aging and affects both the perception of their femininity. As a reminder, we lose 50 to 100 hairs on average every day.

What is alopecia?

This is the term used to designate a hair loss showing bare skin partially or totally. If alopecia mainly affects men (25%), it can also affect women (2%)1. If alopecia mainly affects the hair, it can occur in any hairy area of ​​the body.

There are several forms of alopecia:

  • I’androgenetic alopecia -or baldness- of genetic and hormonal origin is the most widespread.
  • Scarring alopecia is the result of permanent damage to the scalp due to skin disease or infection.
  • ringworm (infection of the scalp, especially common in children)
  • patchy alopecia (or alopecia areata) is an autoimmune disease.

There are other less common forms of alopecia such as telogen effluvium, congenital alopecia… finally, taking medication, chemotherapy can also be the cause of hair loss!

What are the causes of excessive hair loss?

We are interested here in androgenetic alopecia, which represents 95% of cases of alopecia in men and more than 90% in women.

The role of heredity seems to be very important in the appearance of baldness; this natural phenomenon is strongly determined by genetics.

In some cases, in both men and women, hormones may be involved. In men, baldness is linked to testosterone which speeds up the life cycle of the hair; over time, they become thinner, shorter, the hair follicles shrink, then stop being active… In women, although studies are lacking, it seems that the variations suffered throughout life influence sensitivity to estrogens to androgens…

Finally, hair loss can also be related to stress and lifestyle: a bad lifestyle, the use of aggressive shampoos, emotional stress… can have an impact at the cellular level and on the hair follicles .

What treatments for hair loss?

Bad news: there is no miracle cure for hair loss! But we can search slow down hair lossx and improve the health of hair fibers.

  • Food. Adopting a healthy diet is a 1Ahem good reflection to adopt to improve the health of your hair. With this in mind, be sure to fill up on zinc, to strengthen your immune system, and iron (red meats and legumes).
  • Stress. If stress promotes hair loss, getting rid of it logically slows down the process. The problem? This is often easier said than done, we admit it! Avenues to explore? Learn to practice some sport (relaxing or defoulative yoga and more focused on cardio), improve the quality of your sleep, take an interest in alternative medicine such as sophrology to try to fight against too deep stress…
  • Anti-loss treatments and/or treatments that strengthen the hair fiber are one way to study.
  • Since the role of hormones is fundamental, finding an adequate hormonal treatment is essential. We go to our gynecologist and/or endocrinologist to find the most appropriate solution.
  • The most famous drugs? TO lotion based on minoxidil (molecule to treat high blood pressure), tablets containing finasteride (molecule that reduces the level of DHT in the hair follicle). But as some treatments are not recommended when hair loss is of hormonal origin, we must take precautions.
  • Mesotherapy, practiced by an aesthetic doctor, can provide a solution to medium and superficial baldness. The principle? Locally inject peptides, platelet-enriched plasma, or stem cells. It usually takes 3 sessions, or about €1,500.
  • the hair transplant – or hair transplant – under local anesthesia lasts 2 to 3 hours. The surgery involves moving the implanted hair from the back of the scalp to graft it to the front. Before taking the plunge, it’s best to consult a dermatologist for as much advice as possible.

1. French and hair loss.

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